Психофизиологические корреляты решения вербальных задач в ситуации смысловой инициации

Ключевые слова: ЭЭГ-корреляты, энцефалография, психофизиология, смыслообразование, смысловая инициация, вербальные задачи, задачи на смысл, мозговые механизмы, мышление, личностный смысл

Аннотация

Введение. В статье представлены результаты исследования психофизиологических коррелят процесса решения вербальных задач на смысл. Новизна исследования заключается в использовании задач на смысл как инструмента моделирования процесса смыслообразования в условиях психофизиологического эксперимента. Авторы предполагают, что характеристики электрической активности мозга могут отражать особенности процесса решения задач, направленных на раскрытие личностного смысла.

Методы. С целью проверки выдвинутой гипотезы использовался метод электроэнцефалографии (ЭЭГ). Регистрация электроэнцефалограммы мозга проводилась в 128 отведениях с использованием многоканального электроэнцефалографа «Нейровизор-136» (производства компании «МКС», Россия). В исследовании приняли участие юноши и девушки в возрасте от 18 до 25 лет, объем выборки составил 52 человека. Участникам эксперимента в интерактивном режиме предъявлялись вербальные задачи, моделирующие ситуацию смысловой инициации, и эмоционально нейтральные логические задания.

Результаты. Установлено, что частотно-пространственные характеристики биоэлектрической активности коры головного мозга во время решения вербальных задач в ситуации смысловой инициации достоверно отличаются от показателей активности во время решения простых мыслительных задач (p < 0,05). Кроме того, отмечаются половые различия частотно-пространственных характеристик ЭЭГ (p < 0,05).

Обсуждение результатов. Повышение функциональной активности фронтальных и центральных областей мозга, а также увеличение высокочастотной ритмики в темпорально-париетально-окципитальной зоне левого полушария могут отражать увеличение когнитивно-аффективной нагрузки во решения задач в ситуации смысловой инициации.

Процесс смыслообразования, по-видимому, реализуется посредством мультимодального синтеза, при участии семантической и образной долговременной памяти.

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Биографии авторов

Pavel N. Ermakov, Южный федеральный университет

Доктор биологических наук, профессор, академик РАО, директор ЮРНЦ РАО, заведующий кафедрой психофизиологии и клинической психологии Академии психологии и педагогики ЮФУ

Ekaterina G. Denisova, Донской государственный технический университет

Ассистент кафедры «Общая и консультативная психология»

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Опубликован
2019-03-31
Как цитировать
Ermakov, P. N., & Denisova, E. G. (2019). Психофизиологические корреляты решения вербальных задач в ситуации смысловой инициации. Российский психологический журнал, 16(1), 103-127. https://doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2019.1.5
Раздел
Психофизиология

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