The Content of Priority Values Among Military and Civil Retirees with Different Levels of Self-actualization

Keywords: values, value and meaning sphere, value priorities, retirement age, military retirees, civil retirees, adaptation, adaptive readiness, self-actualization, levels of self-actualization

Abstract

Introduction. This paper deals with the issues of personal values in relation to the late periods of personal ontogenesis. Self-actualization is a criterion for retirees’ adaptive readiness for new conditions of life related to changes in social status. The characteristics of retirees’ self-actualization should be considered in the context of the subjective approach. An empirical analysis of the value and meaning characteristics in military retirees tests the hypothesis of their dependence on the level of retirees’ self-actualization.

Methods. This study employed the Schwartz Value Survey and the Short Index of Self-actualization. The sample comprised 130 individual participants. The design of this study involved the experimental (n = 65 military retirees) and the control (n = 65 civil retirees) groups.

Results and Discussion. The author compared the characteristics of value and meaning sphere in military and civil retirees. Conformity, traditions, and security are value priorities of military retirees. A significant differentiation of individual value choices was observed in the group of civil retirees. The control and experimental subjects demonstrated statistically significant differences in the following value choices: power, achievement, stimulation, universalism, benevolence, traditions, and conformity.

Independence is a value priority for both military and civil retirees with a high level of self-actualization. Power and stimulation are value priorities for retirees with a low level of self-actualization.

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Published
2020-01-31
How to Cite
Lavrova, O. A. (2020). The Content of Priority Values Among Military and Civil Retirees with Different Levels of Self-actualization. Russian Psychological Journal, 16(4), 42-55. https://doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2019.4.4
Section
General psychology, psychology of personality, history of psychology