Социальная активность молодежи: системно-диахронический подход

  • Rail M. Shamionov Саратовский национальный исследовательский государственный университет имени Н. Г. Чернышевского https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8358-597X
Ключевые слова: личность, субъект, социальная активность, система, метасистема, диахрония, социализация, механизмы, факторы, молодежь

Аннотация

Введение. Актуальность исследования социальной активности связана с необходимостью изучения ее психологических механизмов, благодаря которым происходят формирование поведенческих стратегий, реализация поступков и последовательного поведения в социальной среде. Цель исследования – в применении методологических положений системно-диахронического подхода к анализу социальной активности, ее механизмов и детерминант. Применение оригинального системно-диахронического подхода позволит раскрыть ее сложную внутреннюю организацию, разработать средства риск-менеджмента активности молодежи.

Теоретическое обоснование. Современные исследования социальной активности сосредоточены на анализе ее мотивации, содержания, факторов, уровней, социальных рисков. Социальная активность рассматривается с точки зрения социальных и личностных эффектов как способ социального участия и самореализации человека. Отмечается особый интерес исследователей к протестной и гражданской активности молодежи. На основе анализа различных источников сделан вывод о недостаточной разработанности в социальной психологии проблемы социальной активности, трудностях операционализации феноменов социальной активности личности и группы, о необходимости обобщения разрозненных данных о ее основаниях, побудителях, механизмах и общественных эффектах.

Результаты и их обсуждение. Предложено определение социальной активности как фундаментального эффекта социализации личности, заключающегося в способности инициативного воздействия социальных субъектов на окружающую социальную среду, предполагающего не только участие в общественной жизни, но, прежде всего, реализацию инициативно-творческого отношения к сферам своей социальной жизнедеятельности, а также самой себе как субъекту социального бытия. Обсуждены особенности системно-диахронического подхода к анализу социальной активности. Система социальной активности рассмотрена как система со встроенным метасистемным уровнем социальной действительности. Отмечена нелинейная динамика социальной активности личности, обусловленная диахронией ее внутренних и внешних инстанций. Рассмотрены ее побудительные и содержательные механизмы и факторы, дифференцированные в зависимости от этапа социализации личности, достижения социальной зрелости. Раскрыты важнейшие характеристики – личностные регуляторы социальной активности – инициатива, самостоятельность, ответственность, социальный интеллект.

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Биография автора

Rail M. Shamionov, Саратовский национальный исследовательский государственный университет имени Н. Г. Чернышевского

доктор психологических наук, профессор

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Опубликован
2019-03-31
Как цитировать
Shamionov, R. (2019). Социальная активность молодежи: системно-диахронический подход. Российский психологический журнал, 16(1), 166-188. https://doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2019.1.8
Раздел
Социальная психология