A Comparative Analysis of Hardiness Among Different Generations in Contemporary Russia

Keywords: generation, psychology of generations, hardiness, involvement, control, risk taking, Soviet generation, transitional generation, post-Soviet generation, generational differences


Introduction. Studying the characteristics of hardiness among different generations merits special attention. The comparative analysis of the levels of hardiness and its individual components among representatives of Soviet, post-Soviet, and transitional generations has not been reported before.

Methods. The study of hardiness among different generations employed the Hardiness Test by D. A. Leontiev and E. I. Rasskazova and involved 540 individual participants (234 men and 306 women) aged from 16 to 84 years.

Results. The variance analysis was applied to reveal differences in hardiness and its structural components among the three generational groups. The levels of hardiness and its components differed significantly in the groups of respondents of the Soviet and transitional generations. Compared to the transitional generation group, the levels of control (p ≤ 0.0001), risk taking (p ≤ 0.0001), and hardiness (p ≤ 0.0001) were higher among representatives of the post-Soviet generation; the lowest levels of these variables were observed in the group of representatives of the Soviet generation. Compared to female respondents of the transitional and Soviet generations, males had higher levels of control (p ≤ 0.0001), risk taking (p ≤ 0.05) and hardiness (p ≤ 0.05).

Discussion. The level of hardiness differs among generational and gender groups. The findings of the study suggest that the characteristics of hardiness should be investigated in late adulthood. This study has great potential for practical application for developing psychological programs for improving personal potential of vulnerable generations.


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Author Biographies

Nadezhda V. Sivrikova, South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University

Кандидат психологических наук, доцент кафедры социальной работы, педагогики и психологии Южно-уральского государственного гуманитарно-педагогического университета

Margarita I. Postnikova, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M. V. Lomonosov

Доктор психологических наук, профессор, Северный (Арктический) федеральный университет имени М. В. Ломоносова

Elena L. Soldatova, Saint Petersburg State University

Доктор психологичсеких наук, процессор Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета

Tat'yana G. Ptashko, South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University

Кандидат педагогических наук, доцент кафедры социальной работы, педагогики и психологии Южно-уральского государственного гуманитарно-педагогического университета

Elena G. Chernikova, South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University

Кандидат социологических наук, доцент кафедры социальной работы, педагогики и психологии Южно-уральского государственного гуманитарно-педагогического университета

Anna A. Shevchenko, South Ural State University

Кандидат психологических наук, доцент Южно-уральского государственного университета


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How to Cite
Sivrikova, N. V., Postnikova, M. I., Soldatova, E. L., Ptashko, T. G., Chernikova, E. G., & Shevchenko, A. A. (2019). A Comparative Analysis of Hardiness Among Different Generations in Contemporary Russia. Russian Psychological Journal, 16(1), 144-165. https://doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2019.1.7
Social psychology