The Analysis of the Association of the MAOA Gene Polymorphism with Aggressive and Hostile Behaviour Strategies in Adolescents and Young People

  • Anna S. Kryuchkova SFU
  • Pavel N. Ermakov SFU
  • Irina V. Abakumova SFU
Keywords: aggressive behavior, types of aggression, hostile strategies, genotype, behavior genetics, genetic polymorphisms, genetic factors, monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), polymorphic marker, psychogenetic research

Abstract

The article brings forward the results of the study of the relationship between polymorphisms of the MAOA gene and psychological characteristics such as hostility and types of aggressive behavior. Aggression is considered as any intentional actions aimed at causing harm to another person, group of people or animal. The authors of the article mean by hostility a negative, opposition attitude to the
world; it is predominantly of a cognitive nature and presupposes the presence of negative emotions and behavioral manifestations.
This paper describes various psychophysiological predictors of aggressive behavior and examines the results of domestic and foreign research of the relationship between polymorphic variants of the MAOA gene with various psychological characteristics.
The authors carried out an interdisciplinary molecular-genetic and psychological study. 285 persons aged 12–19 years took part in it. In order to identify polymorphic variants of the MAOA gene they used the method for the isolation of genomic DNA from buccal epithelial cells. Psychological tools included the questionnaire Bass–Darky which is reckoned one of the most reliable methods for studying aggression. For statistical processing of the results the PSPP 0.8.5 program was
used. The results of the carried out study in the group of adolescents and young people show that the low-activity variant of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene (LPR) in adolescents and young people is the most signiYcant among the genetic polymorphisms which determine the risk of aggressive and hostile behavior. The data should be taken into account in psycho-preventive activities.

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Author Biographies

Anna S. Kryuchkova, SFU

Postgraduate student, General and Pedagogical Psychology Department, Academy of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Southern Federal University

Pavel N. Ermakov, SFU

Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, Vice-President of the Russian Psychological Society, Scienti[c Head of Psychology and Pedagogy Direction, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychophysiology, Academy of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Southern Federal University, Professor, Doctor of Biological Sciences

Irina V. Abakumova, SFU

Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education, Acting Director of the Academy of Psychology and Educational Sciences SFU, Head of General and Pedagogical Psychology Department, Academy of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Southern Federal University, Professor, Doctor of Psychological Sciences

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Published
2016-03-31
How to Cite
Kryuchkova, A. S., Ermakov, P. N., & Abakumova, I. V. (2016). The Analysis of the Association of the MAOA Gene Polymorphism with Aggressive and Hostile Behaviour Strategies in Adolescents and Young People. Russian Psychological Journal, 13(1), 115-124. https://doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2016.1.10
Section
Psychophysiology, medical psychology