The Image of an Ideal Scientist Among Modern Russian Youth

  • Tat'yana V. Razina Russian Academy of Education, Moscow
  • Elena A. Volodarskaya S. I. Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology RAS, Moscow
Keywords: Ideal scientist, image, image creating basis, cinematographic image, cognitive factor, personal factor, image of scientist, professional activity, stereotype, educational activity

Abstract

Introduction. Studying the image of an ideal scientist among modern young Russians is important for understanding their professional preferences and desire to engage in scientific activities in modern conditions of science. The research concentrates on structural and substantial characteristics of the image of a scientist among students and working young people, and also their factors.

Materials and Methods.The stages of the research included methods of semantic differential, laboratory experiment, and factor analysis.

Results. The main stage of the research made it possible to construct the semantic space reflecting the characteristics of the images of an ideal scientist and various cinematographic images of scientists among students and working young people. The image of an ideal scientist had cognitive (ability to formulate problems and express ideas, tolerance for uncertainty, and the discipline of thinking) and personal (purposefulness, resoluteness, adherence to principle, focus on results, high working capacity, versatility, originality, rich imagination) qualities.

Discussion. The students for whom the assimilation of scientific knowledge is the basis for educational activities construct the image of a scientist being guided by their knowledge about real scientists and the idea about scientific activity as a thinking and intellectual work. Assessing cinematographic images reflects this. Working young people have a lack of scientific research in the content of professional activity; they are estranged from scientific reality and suffer from a lack of objective information. Thus, working young people construct the image of a scientist on the basis of their representations about scientists and also cinematographic images, reflecting stereotypes of scientists (often through demonstrating the tools of scientific work). This testifies to the simplification of the image of a scientist among working young people.

Substantial characteristics of the image of an ideal scientist are analogous among working and studying young people. However, the image forming foundation differs in the two studied groups.

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Published
2017-12-28
How to Cite
Razina, T. V., & Volodarskaya, E. A. (2017). The Image of an Ideal Scientist Among Modern Russian Youth. Russian Psychological Journal, 14(4), 8-25. https://doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2017.4.1
Section
General psychology