Toward an Ecological Perspective of Interethnic Ideologies: Moderation Effects of Ethnic Density on Relationships between Interethnic Ideologies and Intergroup Bias


Introduction. In this exploratory study, we examined several interethnic ideologies held by individuals (assimilation, colorblindness, multiculturalism, and polyculturalism) from a social ecological perspective. We examined moderation effects of neighborhood ethnic density (ED) on relationships between interethnic ideologies and intergroup bias towards various minority ethnic groups in the Russian context. Intergroup bias was assessed as a composite score of bias toward four ethnic groups who have different cultural distances from the Russian mainstream population: Chechens, Belarusians, Uzbeks, and Chinese.

Method. We obtained a gender balanced sample of ethnic Russians from the Central Federal District of Russia (N = 359) comprising of 47% women and 53% men. The measures were used in a Russian translation by an adaptation using the back-translation and cognitive interviews. Multiple regression analysis was used to test the relationships.

Results. The results showed that high perceived neighborhood non-Russian ED weakened negative relations between intergroup bias and ideologies that purportedly accept cultural diversity (multiculturalism and polyculturalism). On the other hand, for interethnic ideologies those purportedly reject cultural diversity, high perceived neighborhood non-Russian ED weakened the positive relations between intergroup bias and assimilation and strengthened the negative relations between intergroup bias and colorblindness.

Summary and Conclusions. The pattern of results suggests that the relationship between attitudes and intergroup bias may change based on the perceived ethnic composition of the local area and frequency of contacts. Although our findings are relatively novel they support the emerging view that attitudes and intergroup relations need to be studied from a social ecological context.


Данные скачивания пока не доступны.


Putnam R. D. E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-first Century The 2006 Johan Skytte Prize Lecture. Scandinavian Political Studies, 2007, Vol. 30, pp. 137–174. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9477.2007.00176.x

Pedersen A., Paradies Y., Barndon A. The consequences of intergroup ideologies and prejudice control for discrimination and harmony. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2015, Vol. 45, pp. 684–696. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12330

Rattan A., Ambady N. Diversity ideologies and intergroup relations: An examination of colorblindness and multiculturalism: Diversity ideologies and intergroup relations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 2013, Vol. 43, pp. 12–21. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.1892

Jurcik T., Yakobov E., Ahmed R., Solopieieva-Jurcikova L., Sunohara M., Ryder A. Social Ecology and the Recontextualization of Acculturation: Exploring the Psychological Role of Ethnic Density. In: J. Merton (ed.) Acculturation: Psychology, Processes, and Global Perspectives. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science, 2014, pp. 97–114.

van Assche J., Roets A., Dhont K., van Hiel A. The association between actual and perceived ethnic diversity: The moderating role of authoritarianism and implications for outgroup threat, anxiety, and mistrust. European Journal
of Social Psychology, 2016, Vol. 46, pp. 807–817. DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2211

Jurcik T., Ahmed R., Yakobov E., Solopieieva-Jurcikova L., Ryder A. G. Understanding the role of ethnic density effect: Issues of acculturation, discrimination and social support. Journal of Community Psychology, 2013, Vol. 41, pp. 662–678. DOI: 10.1002/jcop.21563

Badea C. Group Ideologies. In: F. M. Moghaddam (ed.) The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior. London, UK: SAGE Publications, 2017, pp. 46–47.

Grigoryev D., Batkhina A., Dubrov D. Assimilationism, multiculturalism, colorblindness, and polyculturalism in the Russian Context. Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2018, Vol. 14, pp. 53–65. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2018140206

Rosenthal L., Levy S. R. The relation between polyculturalism and intergroup attitudes among racially and ethnically diverse adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 2012, Vol. 18, pp. 1–16. DOI: 10.1037/a0026490

Berry J. W. Contexts of acculturation. In: D. Sam & J. W. Berry (ed.) The handbook of acculturation psychology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 27–42.

Birman D., Trickett E., Buchanan R. M. A tale of two cities: Replication of a study on the acculturation and adaptation of immigrant adolescents from the former Soviet Union in a different community context. American Journal of Community Psychology, 2005, Vol. 35, pp. 87–101. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-005-1891-y

Shaw R. J., Atkin K., Bécares L., Albor C. B., Stafford M., Kiernan K. E., Nazroo J. Y., Wilkinson R. G., Pickett K. E. Impact of ethnic density on adult mental disorders: Narrative review. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2012, Vol. 201, pp. 11–19. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.083675

Jurcik T., Yakobov E., Solopieieva-Jurcikova L., Ahmed R., Sunohara M., Ryder A. G. Unraveling ethnic density effects, acculturation and adjustment: The case of Russian-speaking immigrants from the former Soviet Union. Journal of Community Psychology, 2015, Vol. 43, pp. 628–648. DOI: 10.1002/jcop.21708

Stafford M., Bécares L., Nazroo J. Objective and perceived ethnic density and health: 111 findings from a UK general population survey. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2009, Vol. 170, pp. 484–493. DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwp160

Bécares L., Shaw R., Nazroo J., Stafford M., Albor C., Atkin K., … Pickett K. Ethnic Density Effects on Physical Morbidity, Mortality, and Health Behaviors: A Systematic Review of the Literature. American Journal of Public Health,
2012, Vol. 102, pp. 33–66. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300832

Miller A. M., Birman D., Zenk S., Wang E., Sorokin O., Connor J. Neighborhood immigrant concentration, acculturation, and cultural alienation in former Soviet 107 immigrant women. Journal of Community Psychology,
2009, Vol. 37, pp. 88–105. DOI: 10.1002/jcop.20272

Hodson G., MacInnis C. C., Busseri M. A. Bowing and kicking: Rediscovering the fundamental link between generalized authoritarianism and generalized prejudice. Personality and Individual Differences, 2017, Vol. 104, pp. 243–251.
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.018

Satherley N., Sibley C. G. A Dual Process Model of attitudes toward immigration: Predicting intergroup and international relations with China. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2016, Vol. 53, pp. 72–82. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2016.05.008

Grigoryev D., van de Vijver F., Batkhina A. Discordance of acculturation attitudes of the host population and their dealing with immigrants. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 2018. DOI: 10.1080/17475759.2018.1497678

Mallender J., Gutheil M., Heetman A., Griffiths D., Carlberg M., Marangozov R. Discrimination of migrant workers at the workplace. Luxembourg, Luxembourg: Publications Office, 2014. 64 p.

Wang C. S., Kenneth T., Ku G., Galinsky A. D. Perspective-Taking Increases Willingness to Engage in Intergroup Contact. PLoS ONE, 2014, Vol. 9 (1), e85681. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085681

Pettigrew T. F., Tropp L. R. A meta-analytic test of intergroup contact theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2006, Vol. 90 (5), pp. 751–783. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.90.5.751

Visintin E. P., Voci A., Pagotto L., Hewstone M. Direct, extended, and massmediated contact with immigrants in Italy: their associations with emotions, prejudice, and humanity perceptions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology,
2017, Vol. 47, pp. 175–194. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12423

Willis G. B. Cognitive interviewing: A tool for improving questionnaire design. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004. 335 p.

Rosseel Y. lavaan: An R Package for Structural Equation Modeling. Journal of Statistical Software, 2012, Vol. 48, pp. 1–36. DOI: 10.18637/jss.v048.i02

van de Schoot R., Lugtig P., Hox J. A checklist for testing measurement invariance. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2012, Vol. 9, pp. 486–492. DOI: 10.1080/17405629.2012.686740

Robinson C. D., Tomek S., Schumacker R. Tests of moderation effects: Difference in simple slopes versus the interaction term. Multiple Linear Regression Viewpoints, 2013, Vol. 39, pp. 16–25.
Как цитировать
Grigoryev, D., Jurcik, T., Batkhina, A., & Dubrov, D. (2018). Toward an Ecological Perspective of Interethnic Ideologies: Moderation Effects of Ethnic Density on Relationships between Interethnic Ideologies and Intergroup Bias. Российский психологический журнал, 15(2/1), 117-130.
Междисциплинарные исследования