Культурно-интеллектуальные особенности распознавания лицевой экспрессии представителей других этносов

Natal'ya B. Karabushchenko, Aleksandr V. Ivashchenko, Ekaterina M. Khvorova, Svetlana N. Razumova


Аннотация


Введение. В статье рассматриваются культурно-интеллектуальные особенности распознавания лицевой экспрессии разными этнофорами, к которым относятся опыт общения, опыт восприятия лиц и лицевой экспрессии; знание правил выражения эмоций, культурных стилей выражения эмоций. В работе представлены отечественные и зарубежные подходы к восприятию лиц и распознаванию лицевой экспрессии. Новизна исследования заключается в изучении культурно-интеллектуальных способностей личности в процессе адаптации к проживанию в поликультурном пространстве современного общества через распознавание лицевой экспрессии во время взаимодействия с другими этнофорами.

Материалы и методы. В качестве методического инструментария используются опросник «Шкала культурного интеллекта», направленный на исследование культурно-интеллектуальных способностей личности, и международная база эмоций MSFDE (Montreal Set of Facial Displays of Emotion) для изучения способности распознавать лицевую экспрессию на лицах собственных этнофоров и представителей других этнокультурных групп.

Результаты. На выборке 129-ти российских студентов и 129-ти студентов из стран Азии (Китай, Вьетнам, Монголия), средний возраст которых составил 24 года, авторы выделили общие культурно-интеллектуальные особенности распознавания эмоций на лицах разных этнофоров. Было выявлено, что метакогнитивный компонент позволяет личности успешнее распознавать лицевую экспрессию на лицах азиатского происхождения, а мотивационный компонент посредством стремления понять другого этнофора повышает успешность распознавания лицевых экспрессий в целом.

Обсуждение результатов. Авторы сделали вывод, что успешность распознавания лицевых экспрессий российскими испытуемыми связана с их большей открытостью и опытом общения, а азиатские испытуемые более закрыты и менее включены в межэтническое взаимодействие. Личность с высокими метакогнитивными интеллектуальными способностями более успешна в распознавании лицевой экспрессии, поскольку осознанно выбирает стратегию межкультурного взаимодействия. Преимуществом при распознавании экспрессий на лицах представителей разных культур являются высокие мотивационно-интеллектуальные способности, т. к. они отвечают за стремление понимать другую культуру.


Ключевые слова


этнофоры; распознавание лицевой экспрессии; лицевая экспрессия этнофоров; культурно-интеллектуальные способности; культурный интеллект; правила выражения эмоций; внутригрупповой эффект распознавания; межэтническое взаимодействие; метакогнитивный компонент

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21702/rpj.2017.3.9

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